Facts about Indonesia

Indonesia, the largest archipelago in the world to form a single state. It consists of five main islands and some 30 smaller archipelagoes, totaling about 17,508 islands and islets. Only about 6,000 are inhabited. Indonesia extends 5,150 kilometers east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia and forms a bridge between two continents, namely Asia and Australia. Therefore, Indonesia's cultural, social, political and economic patterns have always been conditioned by its geographical position.

Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation, and the largest Islamic country. 86 percent is Muslim—and the largest Islamic country. The largest cluster of Indonesians you can find on Java, with some 130 million inhabitants (60 percent of the country's population). Sumatra, much larger than Java, has less than a third of its people. Ethnically the country is highly diverse, with over 580 languages and dialects—but only 13 have more than one million speakers.